Green Guide to NYC

Jeremy Lehrer

Life in NYC is an inherently sustainable proposition. The City’s subways, buses and hundreds of miles of bike lanes make it easy to get around without a car. Walking and biking all throughout NYC, whether meandering through rows of brownstones, visiting historical sites or exploring the greenways, are among the great pleasures of the City. Farmers' markets and farm-to-table restaurants ensure that residents and visitors eat fresh local food. Oases like Central Park and Prospect Park are destinations for outdoor activities that yield health and environmental boons. Sustainability projects here are sometimes spectacular sights: for example, an urban farm, with rows of lettuces, on a building rooftop.

NYC has long been at the vanguard of urban sustainability, and as part of the OneNYC strategy, the City has set goals that include reducing NYC's greenhouse-gas emissions to 80 percent of 2005 levels by 2050; to eliminate waste sent to landfills by 2030; and to make sure that all New Yorkers have access to green spaces.

The overarching aim for these initiatives is to ensure the quality of life for NYC residents and visitors. When eating out, spending time outdoors and using mass transit, visitors to the City can enjoy these elements of green living while contributing to NYC’s sustainability goals. Here’s how you can help when visiting.

1. Use mass transit

Subways and buses are ideal low-carbon-footprint travel options, and go almost everywhere in the five boroughs. A 2012 report showed that the average mass transit ride prevents 10 pounds of greenhouse gas emissions for the equivalent car ride, and since the subway system has a ridership of some 1.75 billion passengers a year, the cumulative emissions offsets are significant.

2. Take a bike or walking tour

The City’s hundreds of miles of greenways are great for biking and walking, and there’s an extensive system of bike lanes and paths. Bike rentals are easy through services like Citi Bike or companies like Blazing Saddles, which also runs bike tours; Brooklyn Bike Tours is another possibility if you want a guided cycling experience. To explore the City’s neighborhoods and history on foot, consider themed expeditions with an outfit like Big Onion Tours or Walks of New York. The Central Park Conservancy organizes tours of Central Park

3. Get outdoors

In parks and outdoor spaces throughout the five boroughs, you can picnic in the grass, wander forest paths and play sports like Frisbee and soccer. Gardens offer another way to get close to nature. You can also head for beaches—the Bronx’s Orchard Beach and Queens’ Rockaway Beach, to name two of the more prominent—to soak up rays and enjoy the soothing sounds of the surf.

4. Drink from reusable canteens

NYC’s tap water, sourced from reservoirs upstate, is of famously good quality; a recent New York Times article noted its reputation as “the champagne of drinking water.” While you’re traveling around the City, carry your own reusable canteen and fill up at fountains and from taps.

5. Reduce waste while traveling

Cut down on trash by eschewing takeout, which often entails single-use disposable plastic, and eat at a restaurant instead. Also ask servers to skip the plastic straws, which we throw away in the US to the tune of 500 million a day. Finally, carry a tote bag for shopping—it’s stronger and sturdier than paper or plastic, and you don’t have to throw away anything afterward.


6. Help your hotel go green

Eighteen NYC hotels are participating in the NYC Carbon Challenge—a citywide initiative focused on reducing building-generated emissions 30 percent by 2025. The hotels are achieving their goals through efficiency improvements, and you can help the effort by turning off the AC, TV and lights when you go out, taking shorter showers and using bath towels and sheets for more than one day.

7. Eat at farm-to-table restaurants

You can reduce your carbon footprint while pleasing your palate at restaurants that celebrate the delicious flavors of regionally grown food. Blue Hill, The Fat Radish and The Farm on Adderley all showcase locally grown foods; Rosemary’s uses ingredients from its rooftop garden.

8. Buy at farmers' markets

Farmers' markets all across the five boroughs offer a cornucopia of foods. Eating locally grown food significantly reduces emissions that transportation generates. Check for locations and schedules. Some markets, like the Union Square Greenmarket, accept compost scraps—so you can be like a local and contribute to the pile. For collection information, visit

9. Recycle

There are numerous recycling receptacles along NYC sidewalks, as the City amps up its recycling strategy in preparation for the 2030 zero waste goal. Visitors can contribute to that mission—so make sure you follow the paper, plastic and metals recycling policy at the hotel or residence where you're staying.

10. Visit green landmarks

The High Line park is perhaps the most celebrated of urban reuse projects, the transformation of an abandoned railway into one of the City’s most sought-out parks. The Jacob K. Javits Convention Center has a 6.75-acre green roof that visitors can tour. NYC has a number of surprisingly verdant urban rooftop farms, like Eagle Street Rooftop Farm and Brooklyn Grange, which hosts yoga classes and weddings. Architecture has a role too. New buildings like the Bank of America Tower have LEED Platinum ratings, while the Empire State Building shows how older buildings can go green: through a 2009 retrofit, the building increased its energy efficiency by close to 40 percent.